The Four Classical Elements:-
Earth Cold and Dry. Melancholy.
Full Definition of melancholic. 1 : of, relating to, or subject to melancholy : depressed. 2 : of or relating to melancholia. 3 : tending to depress the spirits : saddening.
Water Cold and Wet. Phlegmatic.
Yes, phlegmatic has roots in that colorless, mucousy stuff called phlegm, but people who are phlegmatic aren't called that because they have lots of mucus. They are just a little dull in expressing feelings or showing emotion.
Air Hot and Wet. Sanguine.
optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.
"he is sanguine about prospects for the global economy"
Fire Hot and Dry. Choleric.
Four temperaments is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types, sanguine (optimistic and social), choleric (short-tempered or irritable), melancholic (analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful).
The Three Principles:-
Salt. The Contractive force in Nature. Crystallisation, condensation.
Sulphur. The Expansive force in Nature. Dissolution, Evaporation.
Mercury. The Integrative force, interweaving and balancing that of the Salt and Sulphur. Circulation. Dynamic equilibrium.
The Alchemy web site on Levity.com
Alchemical Symbols - The Elements and Principles
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