Kukerstvo custom in the Bulgarian country dates back to more than 8000 years, and the Thracians celebrated during the days of the Thracian god Dionysus festivities and meet their New Year during the "Mardi Gras" or so-called agricultural new year associated with tilling the fields. Kukerstvoto celebrate the passing of winter and the arrival of deadness summer fertility. In different parts of Bulgaria mummers go at different times - the Vasilyov day, Joe also Shrove Monday in March.They have different names: babugeri, pesyatsi, bear-leaders, elders, sirviskari, Kukove. Mummers dressed with a mixture of male and female clothes and scary masks hang itself bells and carry swords or sticks to scare away the frigid winters and goblins and fairies, and come spring and coming business is fertile year.
Mummer game recreates the relationship between man and nature: earth - a woman plowing - possession, planting - fertilization, grain - male seed, dying of winter - the killing of the king coming of spring - the resurrection of the King.Movements of mummers are conjuring meanings jabbing movements of red painted swords recreate reproductive movements of intercourse; rebound to make the corn grow high, shake and overthrow - to weigh and plenty of swaying wheat grain class, roll on the ground - be charged a man with her strength, the clatter of bells - to scare and chase away evil forces.
Kukeruvaneto is part of the game round-preparation for married life of the young man, during which he had necessarily to pass that through the game to see, explore and prepare for life after the wedding. Youth, not at Christmas, and survakarstval kukeruval could not be married and became "second hand" choice for women, ie be ordered in a number of unhealthy and widowed, and he was only payable to "second hand" bride unhealthy, widowed or expelled from the man's wife. protagonists in the band of mummers are king lad and Bride and grandparents, and mummers. They have a buggy or wagon ride where King; plow, which plowed ground ritual; bushel full of grain sown king, wooden swords, mace and weaver, who are perceived as similar to the male member; doll. Even with differences in the past contained the following custom common to the whole country actions: Mummers, only unmarried men led by King in adults who have a family, offspring and property, gather in the village square of the village, where, led by musicians, circling houses for health and well-being. Bride attaches to sweep and tidy, but it just broke up things. The hosts give them food, wine and / or money and bride kissing a hand of gratitude to the owner. After a tour of the houses the company, followed by the whole village returns the square where playing their ancient rites. First mummers rushing in opposite directions by aiming with the movements and clanking of bells to scare away evil spirits. Boy / Grandfather used and bustle "fertilize" Bride / grandmother and mummers give the King three piece of bread. Then two mummers are harnessed to the plow, a plowman drives them to goad and plowed three furrows in the ritual circle. King goes after them and sow grain bushel and mummers group followed him, jumping and waving their swords. After tilling, the King blesses fertility, a mummer with cross killed him, but the other mummers gather over him resurrect. Bride / Grandmother gives birth to a child and mummers fun continues with dances. While playing custom mummers hang joke and watched them. Finally Mummers gather for a feast of food and drink donated by the people. General revelry prevails.
Nowadays Kukeri day joyous celebration, which is important to recreate the past and gather people for mutual joy and gladness.
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