Pravritti and Nivritti Marg In Tantra
Scientifically, evolution is defined as the process where more refined life forms grow and develop out of the less refined, that is to say, more advanced life forms arise out of lower forms; the gross producing the subtle. This is the theory of scientific evolution as propounded by Darwin. However, Tantra has a completely different concept of evolution. Tantra regards the refinement of life forms as being merely the pattern of the manifested world. It is the blueprint or design, but not the source of life as we know it. The true meaning of evolution revealed to the sages thousands of years before Darwin, is the process of Shakti arising or evolving out of Shiva, of the material evolving from the immaterial.
In this philosophy, life forms are not the result of the unfoldment of previous life forms, but every form of life has evolved from the underlying source of existence known as consciousness. The subtle does not evolve from the gross but the gross from the subtle. Consider a movie film. It has a story that unfolds from beginning to end. This is the process of scientific evolution. Each scene is related to the next but at the same time the story in the film is not the source of the pictures. The source of the picture is in the film strip. The film strip can be compared to consciousness. It is a projection of the film onto the screen from the film strip that Tantra and other Indian systems regard as evolution, not the flow of the story itself.
The tantric theory of evolution or manifestation of the material world takes place in two directions- the outward and the inward. In the outward direction, (pavritti). Shakti plunges downwards and product's the world of forms. In the inward direction (nivritti) Shakti moves in the opposite direction, from the gross to the more subtle. The further Shakti moves outwards and downwards, the deeper is the veil of ignorance. The greater the inward and upward movement of Shakti, the greater the awareness, knowledge or grace of divinity.
There is an exactly parallel concept in Taoism. Shakti, is known as 'Teh' which is divided into 'yin' (nivritti) and 'yang' (pavritti). Yin is the tendency to return to the source, to withdraw and submerge itself with the substratum of consciousness. Yang is expansion, action and creation of all things. They represent two rhythms - yang, or action and going forth, and yin, the return to the centre.
The aim of tantric practice is to reverse the downward and outward movement of Shakti and retrace one's steps along the inward and upward path to higher awareness. The goal is to reverse the direction of evolution and return to the source, or reunite Shakti with Shiva. Tantra divides people into two basic groups:
1. Those who follow the pavritti path of extroversion; the path of the world, of activity and sensual enjoyment.
2. Those who follow the nivritti path, who want to return to the source and discover their true identity.
Most people are ideally suited to the pavritti path or marg. Tantra caters for both groups and prescribes specific practices for each. The path to enlightenment is first of all to follow pavritti rnarg to exhaust desires and fulfil all interest in the things of the world. In this manner one progresses naturally to nivritti marg. No force or unnatural effort is required. The process is entirely spontaneous. It is the nivritti marg that eventually leads to experience of the infinite, but most people are not ready for it, and must first enjoy life with all its facets to the full.
The practices of Tantra are designed, to lead the individual smoothly along both paths to the supreme experience. Tantra recommends those practices which are most suitable for the particular personality and one's stage of evolution. It realises clearly that there is no point in forcing the path of introspection, nivritti, on those who are not inclined towards it. Such is the depth and breadth of understanding of Tantra that it proceeds by natural means to lead all towards enlightenment without forming complexes which will create further barriers in the spiritual path and do more harm than good. Therein lies the greatness of Tantra.
The Science Of Tantra Is The Science Of Infinity Tantra, is the science of knowing the infinite in and through the finite- the limited world of form. It teaches knowledge and experience of the macrocosm through the microcosm, of the unlimited by means of the limited, of supreme consciousness through individual consciousness. Through Tantra, which encompasses all aspects of life, we can use the world as a stepping stone to go 'beyond' and discover our divine nature. Thus the objective universe is utilised as a launching pad into the eternal...Tantra is also known as 'tantrica', 'kauladharma', 'kaulica' or 'kaula'. The word kaula is derived from the word 'kula' which means family, society or community. It also means 'the cosmic power of manifestation' (Shakti), and 'akula' means consciousness (Shiva), Therefore the kaula path is that which unites Shiva and Shakti" cosmic union or nirvana. The system of kaula implies simplicity of living combined with harmony between inner and outer surroundings, and acceptance of others. The dormant cosmic power in man is often referred to as 'kulakundalini'. So kauladharma is a system for unleashing the cosmic forces (kundalini or Shakti). Those who follow the path of tantra are called tantrics, kaulas or kaulicas....
Words Of Wisdom Of Great Siddha Of Our times
Your mind is a garden to you,which you may intelligently cultivate or which you may aimlessly allow to fallow. If no useful seeds are put into it, useless seeds or weeds fall therein, and produce their kind.You may make the garden of your mind a paradise by growing flowers and fruits of right and pure thoughts, conducive to the life of the truth, or a hell by allowing wrong and impure thoughts to grow more and more, a shortcut to perdition. You are yourself the master gardener of your soul. Don't imagine even for a moment, that any of your thoughts can be kept ineffectual. No, it cannot be. Thoughts crystallize into habit and solidify into circumstances. Good thoughts bear good fruits and bad thoughts bad fruits....