Esoteric Online

LOGOLATRY (n.)

"worship of words," 1810 (Coleridge), from logo- + -latry "worship of."

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ANGELOLATRY (n.)

"worship of angels," 1847, from angel + -latry "worship of," with connective -o-.

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SYMBOLOLATRY (n.)

"worship of symbols," 1828, from combining form of symbol + -latry "worship of."

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GYNAECOLATRY (n.)

"worship of women," 1888; see gyneco- + -latry "worship of." Related: Gynaecolater; gynaecolatrous.

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HAGIOLATRY (n.)

"worship of saints," 1798, from hagio- + -latry "worship of." Related: Hagiolatrous.

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IDIOLATRY (n.)

"self-worship," 1620s, from idio- "self" + -latry "worship of." Related: Idiolater; idiolatrous.

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ADORABLE (adj.)

1610s, "worthy of worship," from French adorable, from Latin adorabilis "worthy of worship," from adorare "to worship" (see adore). Weakened sense of "delightful, charming" is recorded from 1710. Related: Adorably; adorableness.

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PYROLATRY (n.)

"fire-worship," 1660s, from pyro- + -latry "worship of." Related: Pyrolater.

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LITHOLATRY (n.)

"worship of a rock or rocks," 1868, from litho- "rock" + -latry "worship of." Related: Litholater.

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BARDOLATRY (n.)

"worship of Shakespeare" (the "Bard of Avon" since 1789), 1901, from bard + -latry "worship of," with connective -o-.

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GEOLATRY (n.)

"earth-worship," 1860, from geo- + -latry "worship of." Related: Geolater.

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ASTROLATRY (n.)

"worship of heavenly bodies," 1670s; see astro- "star" + -latry "worship of."

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PLUTOLATRY (n.)

"worship of wealth," 1875, from Greek ploutos "wealth" (see Pluto) + -latry "worship of." Related: Plutolater.

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AUTOLATRY (n.)

"self-worship," 1620s (in Latinate form autolatria), from auto- "self" + -latry "worship of."

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BIBLIOLATRY (n.)

1763, "worship of books," from biblio- "book" + -latry "worship of." Meaning "worship of the Bible" is from 1847. Related: Bibliolatrist; bibliolatrous.

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ZOOLATRY (n.)

"worship of animals or an animal," 1817, from zoo- "animal" + -latry "worship of." Related: Zoolater; zoolatrous.

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NECROLATRY (n.)

"worship of the dead or their spirits," 1826, from Latinized form of Ecclesiastical Greek nekrolatreia; see necro- "death" + -latry "worship of."

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IDOLATRY (n.)

"worship of idols and images," mid-13c., from Old French idolatrie (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *idolatria, contraction of Late Latin idololatria (Tertullian), from Ecclesiastical Greek eidololatria "worship of idols," from eidolon "image" (see idol) + latreia "worship, service" (see -latry).

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MARIOLATRY (n.)

"worship of the Virgin Mary," usually implying idolatrous or improper veneration, 1610s, from Mary + -latry "worship of," with connective element -o-. Related: Mariolater; Mariolatrous.

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ALLOTHEISM (n.)

"worship of strange gods," 1650s, from allo- "other" + -theism.

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ADORATION (n.)

1540s, "act of paying divine honors," from French adoration, from Late Latin adorationem(nominative adoratio) "worship, adoration," noun of action from past-participle stem of adorare"to worship." See adore, the original sense of which is preserved in this word.

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HELIOLATRY (n.)

1817, from helio- "sun" + -latry "worship of." Related: Heliolater (1828).

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_ _

_latry

word-forming element meaning "worship of," used as an element in native formations from 19c. (such as bardolatry), from Greek -latreia "worship, service paid to the gods, hired labor," related to latron (n.) "pay, hire," latris "servant, worshipper," from PIE *le- (1) "to get" (see larceny).

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ADORE (v.)

late 14c., aouren, "to worship, pay divine honors to, bow down before," from Old French aorer"to adore, worship, praise" (10c., later adorer), from Latin adorare "speak to formally, beseech, entreat, ask in prayer," in Late Latin "to worship," literally "to call to," from ad "to" (see ad-) + ōrare "speak formally, pray" (see orator). Meaning "to honor very highly" is attested from 1590s; weakened sense of "to be very fond of" emerged by 1880s. Related: Adored; adoring.

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ANTHROPOLATRY (n.)

"worship of a human being," 1650s, from Greek anthrōpos "man, human" (see anthropo-) + latreia "hired labor, service, worship" (see -latry). The accusation was made by pagans against Christians and by Christians against pagans. The word figured in Church disputes about the nature of Christ.

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WORDSHIP (n.)

Old English worðscip, wurðscip (Anglian), weorðscipe (West Saxon) "condition of being worthy, dignity, glory, distinction, honor, renown," from weorð "worthy" (see worth) + -scipe (see -ship). Sense of "reverence paid to a supernatural or divine being" is first recorded c. 1300. The original sense is preserved in the title worshipful "honorable" (c. 1300).

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