The main question I am trying to answer in this article is: What is a man according to Kabbalah? First, let us consider the man inside four-causes or aitia-set, where we ask: Who is a man? What is a man? By what power, or from what does man exist? What is the purpose of man?
It's not enough to consider only the soul through the worlds; when talking about a man we should look at him as a unity of body and soul. The body is composed of several organs and we call it an organism.
The soul is the name we give to the functions of the organism, and depending on the different levels of worlds there are different levels of the soul: nefesh, ruach, neshamah, chaya, yechida. What are the levels of body as function of levels of the worlds?
I am looking for an answer within the so-called soma-series, which means we ask what is the human body in each of the four worlds (Assiya, Yetzirah, Beriah, Atzilut, Ein Sof). These are: Adam Kadmon - the ideal body of light; body of speech in the world Atzilut; body of power in the world Beria; body of form in the world Yetzirah; physical, organic body in the world Assiya.
1. The man in the „world“ Ein Sof
In the world Ein Sof man exists just in nuce, as the seed of the future man. The only thing certain is the network of sephiroth in A.K., and that is what is transmitted through all the worlds, and in the world Assiya has been projected on different parts of the human body. But it is not only this network, sephiroth structure, which makes A.K., otherwise from what would have been created whole man, who is not a mere projection of the network sephiroth in the world Assiya. But we can not know what it is Adam Kadmon; we only know that we are made in his image and likeness, so something mysterious in A.K. is being manifested gradually through the worlds to eventually give a complete picture of a man (in the flesh).
2. The man in the world Atziluth
This is the world of God's speach and, of course, intellect which precedes any speech. The man, in totality of his individual being, uttered in the mind of God, pronounced in His speech; in book Sefer Yetzirah the man has been shown as an association of letters of aleph-bet with certain parts of human body. Of course, one should'nt take literally that matching of letters and body parts, but should look at the deeper meaning that lies behind it - as the meaning of the painter's canvas lies behind the physical surface of canvas.
3. The man in the world Beriah
World of Beriah is the world of movement of God's power, God's "dynamics". A man that can be understood as a kind of „energy record“ in the field of God's power, as a bundle of interrelated forces in the structure determined by position of particular sephiroth and their interrelations (Sefer Yetzirah speaks of 32 ways of wisdom: 10 sephiroth and 22 hebrew letters that represent relations between them).
4. The man in the world Yetzirah
In that world man has been given as a pure form of individual body, the shape which will be given to each and every individual in the world Assiya. It is necessary that the shape is an individual one, so it has a look of a concrete individual man, otherwise from where would originate each individual, this-and-that man with his own personal appearance, and name?
5. The man in the world of Assiya; the question of resurrection
It is a world of individual, concrete human in "flesh and blood", the individual organic beings that are active in this physical world wherein they enter into mutual complex relations and therefore create the social world that is developping through history.
Man lives for a while in this world and after death there is no life as there is on this earth, with all the complexities of the organic body. Seen from the point of view of the Bible: man does not raise as this physical body with all its organic functions, but resurrects as spiritual body - soma pneumatikon, as apostol Paul emphatically declares in 1 Corinthians 15,44:
"It is sown a natural body (soma psyhikon), it is raised a spiritual body (soma pneumatikon)."
Resurrected, or the body raised to the higher worlds (Yetzirah, Beria, Atziluth) does not retain the same qualities that he had while living in the present, Assiya world. When Jesus was asked in Mt 22,28:, „...at the resurrection, whose wife will she be of the seven, since all of them were married to her?",he replies:
"At the resurrection people will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven." (Mt 22,30)